In Dr. Grandin’s own research, she studied pigs and put her control group in the normal farm baby pig pens with plastic floors and not much to do except play with each other. The other group was put in a “Disneyland for pigs” pen with lots of straw to root in and different types of toys to play with. Everyday Dr. Grandin would take out the old toys and put new ones in along with fresh, new straw. Dr. Grandin had hoped to find the same results of the researchers before her, but what she did find was surprising – at the conclusion of her testing she found that the enriched environment pigs did not have any greater dendrite growth than the pigs in the barren cage! Dr. Grandin had tested 2 parts of the pig’s brains, the visual cortex which was where Dr. Greenough had tested, and also the somatosensory cortex, which receives information from the pig’s snout. Dr. Grandin found that not only did the pigs from both environments have dendritic growth, but in some cases the pigs from the non-enriched environment had more growth. How could that be?
Dr. Grandin repeated her testing with a new group of pigs and installed cameras so that she could watch the behavior in both environments when she wasn’t present. What she found was that the pigs in the non-enriched environment had more brain growth in their somatosensory cortex than in their visual cortex, so they were getting stimulation from their snouts instead of visual stimulation like the environment-enriched pigs. However, she discovered from watching the cameras of the pigs at night, that her enriched environment pigs slept soundly and were very calm with her during the day when she cleaned their pen. The pigs from the non-enriched environment were hyper and instead of sleeping during the night they would root around the pen, bumping into each other and their watering devices looking for stimulation. During the day, Dr. Grandin found that they were starved for attention and would surround her and bite at her hands when she was cleaning the cage. So although both sets of pigs were getting stimulation and developing brain growth during the critical periods of time, the type of stimulation created either pathological behavior (non-enriched environment) or desirable, calm behavior (enriched environment).
We were intrigued and wanted to learn more and continued to search for more research that identified how to beneficially stimulate our puppies’ brains while teaching them to be calm, eager to learn adults. Without boring you with more research details, we continued to learn and to perfect our puppy training, and then in 2015 we read about a successful program called Puppy Culture, developed by breeder Jane Killion. We joined the Puppy Culture discussion group and were soon hooked with the success stories and with Jane herself. Jane was having a hard time training her Bull Terrier puppy and was looking for a better way to train and ran into the same problems we did – lack of information. She tried some of the current resources but they didn’t work with her dog, she tried taking him to various dog trainers and their methods had no positive effects on him, so she decided to train him on her own. She began learning theory and behavior modification through much of the same research we had found and as we read about her program we immediately felt that we had found a kindred soul, and she based much of her methods on information we had read about and so we felt we were on the same path! Our mutual goal was to develop calm, well-adjusted dogs who were above average in learning abilities, so we tried her program and have had amazing results!
We have incorporated Jane Killion’s Puppy Culture protocols into our breeding and puppy training programs and have had outstanding results – our litters continue to improve. We focus on the following key factors of deep level emotional intelligence:
- Communication – developing both dog and human communication skills to fit in comfortably with both societies.
- Emotional Stability – coping with frustration without anger and recovering from fear quickly.
- Habituation – giving the puppies enough exposure to the maximum amount of situations so that they develop a “so what” response and act calmly under stress.
- Enrichment – teach the pups that novelty and challenge are fun and not to be feared or avoided.
- Promote Health – various exercises when young such as Dr. Battaglia’s neurologic stimulation and later physical age-appropriate exercises to develop motor skills and improve overall health.
- Skills – learned behaviors that allow the pups to function optimally in human society.
- Love – Nourish and develop bonds to allow the pups to seek out both human and dog companions in a positive manner
We continue to use other resources and early learning principles we have found are effective, and the combination of exercises, daily interactions and situational learning experiences – and lots of love and physically stimulating, age-appropriate exercise – has continued to improve our breeding program with the end result of raising well-adjusted, socialized puppies that have the skills for living with their new families, other dogs and society. As breeders we are continually seeking out ways to enrich our puppies’ environment and give them the mental abilities to become easy to train, loving, emotionally stable dogs who grow up eager to learn, to think through situations instead of reacting with aggression and to become the best family/hunting companions for our buyers. This is evidenced by our puppies readiness for the world when they leave our kennel – potty trained, crate trained, wonderful recall (coming when called), no jumping and well socialized to other dogs.
“Sande & John, I just wanted to send you out a quick email thanking you for all your help throughout the whole puppy purchase process we feel extremely lucky to have found Mustain Kennels. As for Swish I cannot say enough on how happy we are with her, our car ride went great she was very calm no whining no accidents simply put perfect! She has got to be the most calm, gentle, loved to be held puppy I have ever met. We are having no house potty issues and she is sleeping in her kennel with the door open in my daughters room all night without issue. We kept to feeding her three times a day and she goes poop at 6:00 AM and 3:00 PM every day. I will keep you and John posted. Thanks
- Mike D.
(See more satisfied buyer comments on our Endorsements page under About Us or click here)
We will continue to research and improve our breeding program as new developments become available, as well as through our own experience. This is not the end of our Breeding Program story, but rather the beginning of continual improvement for the enrichment and enhancement of this phenomenal breed, our Small Munsterlanders! Please let us know if you’d like more information on our puppy training program and why we feel our Munsterlanders are extremely exceptional in an exceptional breed.
(1) Carmen L Battaglia, PhD: Dr. Battaglia is an AKC judge, researcher and writer, and he has been a leader in promotion of breeding better dogs and has written many articles and several books.
(2) Temple Grandin, PhD: Dr. Grandin is an author with degrees in psychology and animal science and has been a leader as an autism spokesperson and a proponent for the humane treatment of livestock.
(3) Jane Killion: author, breeder, trainer and creator of Puppy Culture.